Percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy (PDT) has been widely used in Indonesia, yet no study to evaluate the outcome of PDT compared to surgical tracheostomy (ST) is available.
Objective: This study was aimed to evaluate the use of PDT in Indonesia.
Design: Non-randomized comparative retrospective study.
Setting: Intensive Care Unit of Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar.
Patients: Eighty-four patients aged 15 to 90 years, undergone tracheostomy during 2016 to 2017 were evaluated.
Measurements and results: Samples were evaluated in terms of surgical duration, blood loss volume, mortality, and complication rates such as post-operative bleeding, pneumothorax, subcutaneous emphysema, stomal infection, tracheal stenosis/malacia, and unintended fistula formation. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS version 22. Mean operative duration of PDT (18.3 minutes) were significantly faster than ST (40.2 minutes) (p<0.05), accompanied by significant reduction of mean blood loss 13.6 ml compared to 21.1 ml in ST group (p<0.05). A total of 9 complications (18.8%) found in ST group and 5 (13.9%) in PDT group, with stomal infection was the most common complications. Mortality rate were 52.8% in PDT group and 45.8% in ST group (p>0.05), none associated with the procedure itself.
Conclusion: It is suggested that PDT is a superior technique in placement of tracheostomy canula.